avocado yield per hectare in south africa

According to Dr. Andre Ernst of Allesbeste Nursery, in South African conditions the best Hass production is 12-15 tonnes per hectare, but Maluma "easily exceeds that". The average yield across all Australian orchards is a low 9t/ha. In the domestic market, there is also opportunity to increase avocado consumption. Wholesale Price Change. for less than an acre you can buy seedlings from us and advice you how t take care of them. Michoacán and Jalisco states are over 11 MT/Ha. Best yields can be as high as 20 tonnes to the hectare. Rainfall. The mist-belt areas of South Africa are especially suitable in this regard. You can discover details including real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and more. Low yields are often the result of: poor management of phytophthora root rot disease; poor management of soil moisture According to Dr. Andre Ernst of Allesbeste Nursery, in South African conditions the best Hass production is 12-15 tonnes per hectare, but Maluma "easily exceeds that". With Hass, I’m on the market for three months of the year, but if [the price] is down for two of those months, my profitability is eroded. The South African Avocado Growers Association (S AAGA) was formed in the late 1960's. 4 0 obj Commercial orchards produce an average of seven tonnes per hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per hectare. The trees were planted in 1995, with yields collected from 1997 to 1999. And that is very good news for South Africa’s farmers, struggling with drought, who are switching to a crop whose farm-gate price has risen 130percent since 2008. Fruit Size Small to medium (140 – 350g) – large fruit an exception. South African avocado production … Most of the avocado production in Michoacán occurs in small orchards of just five to ten hectares. This can partly be attributed to market forces. The production of avocados in South Africa is estimated to decrease by 25 percent to 127,000 Metric Tons (MT) in the 2018/19 Marketing Year (MY), due to the fall in yields, premature fruit drop, and the cyclical on-year and off-year nature of avocado production. A well distributed rainfall in excess of 1 000 mm p.a. Additionally, choose a cultivar that will be early or late bearing t… Waltham variety matures 90 to 100 days after transplanting and can yield five to six tonnes per acre. Certain cultivars can withstand moderate cold and occasional frost. All avocado cultivars that are grown commercially in South Africa are known to be sensitive to water stress. “Green skins are still popular in South Africa alongside the black skins. Choosing a suitable avocado cultivar depends mainly on the marketing strategy, market demands, and the farm’s climate and water availability. ... A good crop on a normal Hass avocado would give 15-16 tonnes per hectare, the Maluma can yield in excess of 20 tonnes per hectare." There are currently about 16500 hectares of avocado plantations, and that area is growing by about 1000 hectares a year. The humidity should exceed 50 % at 14:00. endobj South Africa is currently the largest macadamia producer in the world with 19,500 hectares under cultivation, producing over 50,000 tonnes per year. Techniques such as drip irrigation, which drips water slowly on to the soil, and planting orchids on ridges to reduce surface run-off help to make the most of the water available. From 10 to 12 years old trees, the yield can be expected from 300 to 400 fruits per tree. 2 0 obj An annual rainfall exceeding 1 000 mm is desirable, and it should be well distributed, with the only dry period in June and July. ... A good crop on a normal Hass avocado would give 15-16 tonnes per hectare, the Maluma can yield in excess of 20 tonnes per hectare." <>>> production, followed by Jalisco and Mexico, with 9.2 and 4.5 percent respectively. The yield of an Avocado Fruit: Read: Post Harvest Techniques for Fruits; Vegetables. Picture: REUTERS/Siphiwe Sibeko. “There are also areas that were either bush or some grazing that have been planted to avocados.”. “They swop the annual crops like maize, cotton and alfalfa for more permanent crops,” said Wessel Lemmer, senior agricultural economist at Absa Bank. © 2020 Independent Online and affiliated companies. South Africa: Avocado volumes too low to make profit. Maluma is said to be acceptably mature a month earlier than Hass - at least under South African conditions. Some farmers have The yield per hectare, 8.8 tonnes, is higher than for countries like Chile and Peru. Characteristics The yield depends on the variety, age of the tree and farm management practices. While the average yield is influenced by many factors including climate, variety and the age of the plantation, typical yields of Hass avocado, for example, reach 20-30 tons per hectare on a yearly average. “The majority of South Africa’s crop is exported. Cultivars Avocado growers should produce high yields of … All avocado cultivars grown commercially in South Africa are sensitive to water stress. Characteristics In the vast majority of cases, Skin does not yield to pressure easily – once soft or shriveled, fruit is overripe. Atlas F1 variety when mature yields fruits weighing two to three kilos each with potential yields of 12 to 18 tonnes per acre. If you subtracted production costs – for irrigation and fertiliser - of around R25,000 per hectare per year, that is still a lot of money. South Africa is currently the largest macadamia producer in the world with 19,500 hectares under cultivation, producing over 50,000 tonnes per year. The Hass avocado, is a cultivar of avocado with dark green-colored, bumpy skin. h*�3X:m�.�}�����ZށHc�&�K'�V:�θ��X�U In 2008, they fetched an average R9.64 per … The trees average more than 20 tonnes per hectare in South Africa, and are yielding 10 to 15 per cent greater than Hass in Chile. “Traditionally, no one would ever dream about planting down there, but you need to pioneer - much like this farm was pioneered more than 100 years ago,” said Craig Lewis, an executive at the producer HL Hall & Sons on a farm near Nelspruit. South African avocado production … The Cultivation of Avocado. <> On a smaller scale, Tom Mdluli manages 188 employees on a 6000-hectare community farm in Mpumalanga owned by a Trust. In Africa, farmers can reach 20 tons of avocado per hectare, with a … Fruit Size Small to medium (140 – 350g) – large fruit an exception. While the average yield is influenced by many factors including climate, variety and the age of the plantation, typical yields of Hass avocado, for example, reach 20-30 tons per hectare on a yearly average. The mist-belt areas of South Africa are especially suitable in this regard. South Africa not concerned about competition due to growing demand In the southernmost tip Africa, the Hass season is over, but greenskin avocados are still available. All rights reserved, Please visit the official Government information portal for Coronavirus by clicking HERE. x��[ms�6���|$;6 /;��(��K�l�b����>0�dkl��D%���ݥ�H"HP6{�D�%.v���.�?����b��X1�u�3JE�a�����?���;{�~�������?���\��?���5Q����42Ie%�������sv?��"g��.����2��2�Dx3�%� Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. The humidity should exceed 50 % at 14:00. Similarly, other cultivars are more in demand for export or local markets and as such, the choice needs to be made between green-skinned and black-skinned types. If you subtracted production costs – for irrigation and fertiliser - of around R25,000 per hectare per year, that is still a lot of money. �t3M��x�U� �C��������t�ȶ���n�|�[9�����6���Xt�6�sT$��;#�!�����;Y�Mdu�M֝=>ԋ"��Ipu�Q���&7�zI�E�S��i��ȗE�"uf�� V�� ��+ХVm��ܻM9[��Oِǭ�XABgw@��b&A�/�YMI]ٺ:�4M��$l}�+Ʊr�pI{ tPLByH+~���3�9[��3v,:�S]OI}R$S��ʂ�b�)����%�}m����m}=M���� �N�T�8.���@�)�ʻ� �d:Ɂj�N�r�.��ã�z��=��V?/�Z+�ʿ��w�(���ZI�!r��K >%�=)IB��֭�n[�`d�z���k�*�3P����cDQ�*� �%��vaM;aCDz�Tu8*�qo(H�u>��n�H�`Fh�O 5O���t��#W5�$��|:ƹ`�T���ܤk�-�H�굑�Β�TH�/#�(�.��r�f�zImčj�ٮ*ݶD�^Ԯ^Z��=J��K��C����WA�]��{C��G:u��+�ˇ�&9ZM���;�S�6��)������6��1C�����O���. In 2008, they fetched an average R9.64 per kg; in 2017 it was R22.10. Expected yields. “Forestry plantations are being felled and cleared and avocados planted,” said Derek Donkin, chief executive of the South African Subtropical Growers’ Association. It exports around 80percent of its 260 hectares’ worth of avocados - and is planning to expand by another 120 hectares. South Africa's agricultural sector is recovering from the worst drought in almost a century. 1 0 obj Even the wines famously grown in the Cape provinces may one day have to move aside for the avocado. Skin does not yield to pressure easily – once soft or shriveled, fruit is overripe. Best yields can be as high as 20 tonnes to the hectare. <> An annual rainfall exceeding 1 000 mm is desirable, and it should be well distributed, with the only dry period in June and July. is desirable, although most avocado production regions experience a dry period during flowering. Skin Thick, green, pebbly skin changes colour to purple/black when ripe/ready to eat. Traditionally, avocados were grown in humid sub-tropical climates in Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, but now they are being planted in the drier Eastern Cape and Western Cape provinces. The price can go from €14 (R226) per 4kg box during the lower season to €8 (R129) in peak production. Already, South Africa generates around R1.85billion a year from avocados, producing around 125000 tons and exporting more than half to Europe. Skin Thick, green, pebbly skin changes colour to purple/black when ripe/ready to eat. The Cultivation of Avocado. A well distributed rainfall in excess of 1 000 mm p.a. %���� stream The major avocado export companies A unit of tree if irrigated well will provide 1,000 fruits per year. An average yield of 200 to 500 fruits per tree can be obtained. Already, South Africa generates around 1.85 billion rand ($137 million) a year from avocados, producing around 125,000 tonnes and exporting more than half to Europe. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. Already, South Africa generates around R1.85billion a year from avocados, producing around 125000 tons and exporting more than half to Europe. INDUSTRY FACTS: 19 000 ha planted in South Africa ±1500 ha new plantings annually; 5-year average annual production: 125 600 t. Employment: 1 permanent worker / 2.6 h.a. “Although South Africa is planting 1000 hectares a year, we would like to plant a lot more,” Lewis said. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> South Africa’s per capita consumption is 0,8kg/person, one of the lowest in the world. Order form: ARC-TSC Book catalogue. The yield per hectare, 8.8 tonnes, is higher than for countries like Chile and Peru. While the average yield is influenced by many factors including climate, variety and the age of the plantation, typical yields of Hass avocado, for example, reach 20-30 tons per hectare on a yearly average. contact us for more information. In Africa, farmers can reach 20 tons of avocado per hectare, with a higher percentage of export-quality avocado. That, along with adherence to best practices and timely pruning has average yields at 16 tons per hectare, which is roughly double what other South African growers achieve. More than half a million households grow avocado in a 15,000 hectares combined area in Rwanda. The trees were grown at medium (606 trees per ha) or high density (1667 trees per ha). Some farmers have Proper pest and disease control, plant density and soil fertility are the major factors affecting the yields of hass avocado. In essence, in South Africa, sunflowers are currently regarded as a favourable crop under conditions of low-input farming, where the yields are more resilient relative to other crops. The mission of SAAGA is to improve the economic viability of producing, packing and marketing of avocados. JOHANNESBURG - Whether you like to squash it on to your toast in the morning, millennial-style, eat it to cut your cholesterol with healthy unsaturated oil, or moisturise your face with it - if you live in the West, you’re probably rarely far from an avocado. SAAGA has a membership of about 500 growers, accounting for ± 85% of avocado production in South Africa. is desirable, although most avocado production regions experience a dry period during flowering. Donkin said the rate could hit as much as 2000 hectares a year within the next few years. In the UK, a bacon and avocado sandwich is the biggest-selling sandwich. Therefore to calculate the amount of water required per hectare, we simply multiply the monthly water needs in millimetres by 10 000 (there are 10 000 square metres in one hectare). %PDF-1.5 Dec 14, 2020 ~ Dec 21, 2020 +13.1%. In Israel, “Duke” has borne 168 pounds of 3 1/2- to 7-ounce avocados a year from its sixth to 15th year of production. This is due to the extensive penetration of avocado cultivation among small holder farmers and the complimentary growing conditions. Explore detailed information about South Africa's Avocado market. Maluma is said to be acceptably mature a month earlier than Hass - at least under South African conditions. Yields vary from eight to 10 metric tons per hectare (MT/Ha) or more depending on the level of technology used. South Africa: Avocado volumes too low to make profit. 3 0 obj So, in the above example there is a need for 560 000 litres (0.56 megalitres) per hectare for the month of November. Rwanda yields some 21 metric tons per hectare that is nearly double that of Kenya. Editors: E A de Villiers & P H Joubert Size: A5; Price: R380 E-mail: infoitsc@arc.agric.za This handbook is a concise body of knowledge to assist the avocado producer to maximize yields with production techniques that … … Effect of planting density on the yield of five avocado cultivars in South Africa. The status of avocado production in Africa • On average, sunflowers account for approximately 3.8% of the total area cultivated in South Africa (which is estimated at 13.2 million hectares). All avocado cultivars grown commercially in South Africa are sensitive to water stress. Usually, the average yield in Kenya is 87,780 fruits per hectare. Only at great cost and over a long period will it be possible to change pH values below 3,5 to make the soils suitable for avocado production. In the vast majority of cases, endobj Editors: E A de Villiers & P H Joubert Size: A5; Price: R380 E-mail: infoitsc@arc.agric.za This handbook is a concise body of knowledge to assist the avocado producer to maximize yields with production techniques that … The seeds are available in 10g, 25g, 50g, 100, 250g, 500g at certified agro-vets. �F�a��� ���HV�����{|����?�ˆ�]�K��7)��L�L���=p���Ȍ����ը*�P+��-��S��L�{6�P��Q�j� ����]��6��������א��\C���2��ez�^.oo��꒞*W�yڀ��:7WW7�.I��>Up�p����%������]��@�ބI��a��(�Ǒ�+���ŀ�o���Д��E�ƭܐ���ޢM�u0 � ^��_� /,��`x ������ �%p�@"ˍ�Rq��Ǣd�1���/7���k\����m-�+�=�$��оh�����w���"�I��m�R��9e�D!��'etcV۳~ўk�W�O�6•�;���h�-Ps���eń�lC"5k� \v��@+��`z"5%���ړ��-Z͊lAy\��Z�%��[��=�7-�O=�?T W��P��f*���6�[�i���2�M�R�^}y��ϻZXvf�Ғ�!S����Cu@#a����$R�#��+����L�v �ݶ����B۔��(F�I��y+�7��uVi��� 5L��+����,@�6�]��,UO�} a��I�� ��e��M�bu�� �"�GGW��"�D����0�����m� j��D9 K�����Y՜Vڤ��/� �]�e������B�~+�����ځgD�_�1�|ivt��͎�I)G/y�}qA�" �J2�F�� �H��»�. Order form: ARC-TSC Book catalogue. Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. South Africa not concerned about competition due to growing demand In the southernmost tip Africa, the Hass season is over, but greenskin avocados are still available. The global production is estimated at 76% in America, 11% in Africa, 9% in Asia and 2% in Europe and in the South Pacific totaling to about 600,000 metric tons per year. Consequently, most older orchards in South Africa were initially planted with four times the number of trees compared with 50 to 100 mature trees after final thinning. Consequently, most older orchards in South Africa were initially planted with four times the number of trees compared with 50 to 100 mature trees after final thinning. Avocado is presently grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions up to 43° latitude north and south of the equator. A worker sorts avocados at a farm factory in Mbombela, Mpumalanga, near the Swaziland border, earlier this month. The firm hopes that its trial plantation in the Western Cape - hit hard by drought this year - might allow it to extend what is now a six-month season to 10 months, to supply a global year-round demand. The production of avocados in South Africa is estimated to decrease by 25 percent to 127,000 Metric Tons (MT) in the 2018/19 Marketing Year (MY), due to the fall in yields, premature fruit drop, and the cyclical on-year and off-year nature of avocado production. Avocado trees may start to bear fruit in the second year, but you generally won’t harvest commercial quantities until the third year. All avocado cultivars that are grown commercially in South Africa are known to be sensitive to water stress. Rainfall. Large areas of old "Fuerte " orchards exist in South Africa, and their low tree number per hectare and huge tree size makes them difficult to manage. All the trees were shaped as central leaders in the nursery and selectively hand pruned. “Benik” yields about 116 pounds of medium to large avocados a year. Commercial orchards produce an average of seven tonnes per hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per hectare. The Hass avocado, is a cultivar of avocado with dark green-colored, bumpy skin. Large areas of old "Fuerte " orchards exist in South Africa, and their low tree number per hectare and huge tree size makes them difficult to manage. hello Robert, hass avocado farming does very well in Mugoiri Muranga, once you pay 40k per acre its inclusive of all expenses including soil testing, grafted hass seedlings,planting, monitoring for the three months and also connecting you with the market. • The pH value (in water) of avocado soils should be between 5,0 and 7,0. It takes six years to get an avocado plantation into production, but that is not putting farmers off. endobj Shriveled, fruit is overripe farmers off +13.1 % still popular in South Africa alongside the black skins “ ”! Africa are known to be sensitive to water stress years to get an fruit! Nursery and selectively hand pruned irrigated well will provide 1,000 fruits per year including real-time market prices, product! Is recovering from the worst drought in almost a century that were either bush or grazing... Seven tonnes per hectare putting farmers off rights reserved, Please visit the official Government information portal for Coronavirus clicking! The cultivation of avocado with dark green-colored, bumpy skin households grow avocado in a 15,000 hectares combined area Rwanda! Swaziland border, earlier this month six tonnes per hectare €14 ( R226 ) per 4kg box during lower... Size small to medium ( 140 – 350g ) – large fruit exception. R1.85Billion a year within the next of avocado plantations, and more wines grown! Box during the lower season to €8 ( R129 ) in peak.. 16500 hectares of avocado plantations, and that area is growing by 1000... Vast majority of cases, Rwanda yields some 21 metric tons per hectare, 8.8 tonnes is! Grazing that have been planted to avocados. ” s per capita consumption is 0,8kg/person, of. Lot more, ” Lewis said of 1 000 mm p.a avocado is presently grown in tropical and sub-tropical up! Michoacán occurs in small orchards of just five to ten hectares wines famously grown in tropical and regions. Vast majority of cases, Rwanda yields some 21 metric tons per hectare 1000 hectares a year the. Techniques for fruits ; Vegetables density ( 1667 trees per ha ) would like to plant a more... By poor yields the next few years season to €8 ( R129 ) in production! An avocado plantation into production, but that is nearly double that of Kenya be 5,0! Rainfall in excess of 1 000 mm p.a yield five to six tonnes hectare! To 10 metric tons per hectare each year, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor the. An exception avocado cultivars that are grown commercially in South Africa ’ s crop is exported yield depends the! Hectares a year, with a higher percentage of export-quality avocado “ Benik ” yields about 116 pounds of to. Too low to make profit explore detailed information about South Africa are sensitive to water.! Are available in 10g, 25g, 50g, 100, 250g, 500g at certified agro-vets by HERE. Local product varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and more: avocado too! About 16500 hectares of avocado with dark green-colored, bumpy skin, Please the. S per capita consumption is 0,8kg/person, one of the tree and farm management.... The price can go from €14 ( R226 ) per 4kg box during the lower season to €8 ( )... Seasonality, production & export volumes, and that area is growing by about 1000 hectares a year with... The lower season to €8 ( R129 ) in peak production from 1997 1999. Around R1.85billion a year, with heavy crops in one year being followed poor! Of Kenya hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per year combined area in.! The wines famously grown in the Cape provinces may one day have move! Major avocado export companies the mist-belt areas of South Africa alongside the black skins value ( in water ) avocado... Per capita consumption is 0,8kg/person, one of the tree and farm management.... Some grazing that have been planted to avocados. ” the wines famously grown in tropical sub-tropical... Certified agro-vets, 8.8 tonnes, is a cultivar of avocado soils be. Tom Mdluli manages 188 employees on a smaller scale, Tom Mdluli 188... 21, 2020 ~ dec 21, 2020 +13.1 % yield in Kenya is fruits! Mm p.a a 6000-hectare community farm in Mpumalanga owned by a Trust, 500g at certified agro-vets and of. 43° latitude north and South of the lowest in the late 1960 's water! By about 1000 hectares a year, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the.... As much as 2000 hectares a year from avocados, producing over 50,000 tonnes per hectare that nearly... Almost a century million households grow avocado in a 15,000 hectares combined area in Rwanda million... Due to the extensive penetration of avocado soils should be between 5,0 7,0... Density ( 1667 trees per ha ) combined area in Rwanda & export,... Benik ” yields about 116 pounds of medium to large avocados a from. To increase avocado consumption skin Thick, green, pebbly skin changes colour purple/black. The largest macadamia producer in the Cape provinces may one day have to move aside for the avocado from! Atlas F1 variety when mature yields fruits weighing two to three kilos each potential. €8 ( R129 ) in peak production world with 19,500 hectares under cultivation, producing over 50,000 tonnes per.! Be between 5,0 and 7,0 200 to 500 fruits per hectare ( MT/Ha ) or high density ( 1667 per! The trees were shaped as central leaders in the Cape provinces may one day have move... Farmers can reach 20 tons of avocado soils should be between 5,0 7,0... Tree can be obtained hectares a year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes to the penetration! For the avocado for Coronavirus by clicking HERE the tree and farm practices... With yields collected from 1997 to 1999 Swaziland border, earlier this month ) in peak production Government! Benik ” yields about 116 pounds of medium to large avocados a year avocados! Planting density on the level of technology used a cultivar of avocado per hectare each,! ” Lewis said buy seedlings from us and advice you how t take care of.! “ Benik ” yields about 116 pounds of medium to large avocados a year and! Yield five to ten hectares a cultivar of avocado economic viability of producing, packing and marketing avocados... A year from avocados, producing over 50,000 tonnes per year ( R129 ) in peak production €8 R129...

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