Marcello Malpighi (1628–1694), and Hooke's colleague, Nehemiah Grew (1641–1712), made detailed studies of plant cells and established the presence of cellular structures throughout the plant body. MALPIGHI, MARCELLO (1628 – 1694). For example, after he dissected a black male, Malpighi made some groundbreaking headway into the discovery of the origin of black skin. He was an Italian biologist. Malpighi's name is borne by several physiological features related to the biological excretory system, such as the Malpighian corpuscles and Malpighian pyramids of the kidneys and the Malpighian tubule system of insects.  This discovery of capillaries also contributed to William Harvey’s theory of blood circulation, with capillaries acting as the connection from veins to arteries and confirming a closed system of circulation in animals.. Died: March 3, 1703 in London. Known For: Experiments with a microscope, including the discovery of cells, and coining of the term. The discovery established how the oxygen we breathe enters the blood stream and serves the body. In the years 1663-1667, at the University of Messina where his research focus was on studying the human nervous system where he identified and described nerve endings in the body, structure of the brain, and optic nerve. Widely regarded as one of the founders of microscopic anatomy, MalpighiHe was born on March 10, 1628 into a wealthy family in Crevalcore, Italy. For most of his career, Malpighi combined an intense interest in scientific research with a fond love of teaching. He was also an ordained papal physician by the Church of Rome. In 1653, his father, mother, and grandmother being dead, Malpighi left his family villa and returned to the University of Bologna to study anatomy. In 1656, he was made a reader at Bologna, and then a professor of physics at Pisa, where he began to abandon the disputative method of learning and apply himself to a more experimental method of research. Blood Cells 7:447-480) Antoni van Leeuwenhoek is widely credited as the discoverer of red blood cells. Marcello Malpighi, Italian anatomist was one of the two giants of seventeen-century microscopic study 1. The splenic lymphoid nodules are often called the "Malpighian bodies of the spleen" or Malpighian corpuscles. Fig. Born: July 18, 1635 in Freshwater, the Isle of Wight, England. Common brain malformation traced to its genetic roots: Discovery could aid early screening, shed light on how Chiari malformation arises. His later studies on plants led him to erroneously believe that tiny tubes found in many plants performed the same function as did trachea in insects. He found that the black pigment was associated with a layer of mucus just beneath the skin. He went on to hypothesize that capillaries were the connection between arteries and veins that allowed blood to flow back to the heart. He discovered the new era in the fields of anatomy and histology. Many historians regard Malpighi as the father of microscopical anatomy in both animals and plants, although he was considered more of a practical researcher than a theorist. In his autobiography, Malpighi speaks of his Anatome Plantarum, decorated with the engravings of Robert White, as "the most elegant format in the whole literate world. Malpighi studied Aristotelian philosophy at the University of Bologna while he was very young. In 1691 Pope Innocent XII invited him to Rome as papal physician. In 1660, Italian microscopist Marcello Malpighi observed, for the first time, the blood capillaries present in fish tails. Marcello Malpighi (1628–1694) was an Italian scientist who made outstanding contributions in many areas, including the anatomical basis of respiration in amphibia, mammals, and insects and also in the very different fields of embryology and botany. Malpighi turned his attention to a variety of other animals and in 1669, published the results of his work on the silkworm. After ten years of study, he submitted a paper about his plant work to the Royal Society that summarized his observations. Marcello Malpighi (March 10, 1628 - September 30, 1694) was an Italian doctor, who gave his name to several physiological features. The Royal Society published his studies in 1696.  This contrasted the previous view of an open circulatory system in which blood would come from the liver/spleen and pool into open spaces in the body. Subsequently, he was appointed as a teacher, whereupon he immediately dedicated himself to further study in anatomy and medicine. His discovery was of great importance in elucidating a major issue regarding animal physiology. He also discovered papillae (taste buds) while examining human tongues, and recognized that the liver had a glandular nature. Marcello Malpighi was born to parents Marcantonio Malpighi and Maria Cremonini in the Papal State of Bologna, Italy on March 10, 1628. 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